< Background Info: >


WHAT ARE FRACTIONS?
- part of a whole .


For example:
What is the part of the missing apples from all apples?


Answer: 1/8


PROPER FRACTION:
- Proper fraction is a kind of fraction that always has a LESSER numerator than the denominator.


A pizza is an example:


Also, proper fractions could be simplified by, finding a number that could go into the fraction:



IMPROPER FRACTION:
- Improper Fractions always has numerator that's GREATER than the denominator.



A pizza is an example:


HOW DO YOU SIMPLIFY AN IMPROPER FRACTION?




MIXED FRACTION:
- Mixed Numbers consists of a whole number and a fraction.



HOW DO YOU SIMPLIFY A MIXED FRACTION?




EQUIVALENT FRACTION:
- Equivalent Fractions have the same value, even though they may look different.
- When two fractions are equal in overall quantity or value they are called equivalent fractions. We can say that two fractions are considered equivalent when it can be demonstrated that each fraction can be used to represent the same amount of a given object.

When you multiply or divide both the top and bottom by the same number, the fraction keeps it's value. The rule to remember is: WHAT YOU DO TO THE TOP OF THE FRACTION, MUST ALSO BE DONE AT THE TOP.

By multiplying:


This is how it looks visually:


Now by dividing: